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Webpage Design and Development, CPST-2400-10
with HTML5 and CSS3
Fall 2016

Key Terms - Tutorial 2

Glossary of Key Terms for Tutorial 2

<a> tag An HTML tag used to mark hyperlinks to external WebPages or to locations within the current WebPage.

absolute path A folder path that specifies a file's precise location within the entire folder structure of a computer.

anchor An element marked with the <a> tag used to mark a specific location within the Web page.

augmented linear structure A linear structure in which each page also contains an additional link back to the opening page of a section.

child folder A subfolder of the current folder.

client-side image map An image map defined within the Web page and handled entirely by the Web browser running on a user's computer.

descendent folder A folder which descends from the current folder through a chain of subfolders.

domain name The part of the URL that defines the server name.

e-mail harvester Program that scans HTML code for e-mail addresses.

extension The top-level of a URL that indicates the general audience supported by the Web server.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) A communication protocol used for transferring data to and from an FTP server.

FTP client A program that communicates with an FTP server to exchange data files.

FTP server A file server using the FTP protocol from which users can store and retrieve data files.

FTP. See File Transfer Protocol

hierarchical structure A structure in which the home page links to pages dedicated to specific topics and those pages, in turn, can be linked to even more specific topic.

home page A Web page that acts as a focal point for a Web site and is usually the first page that users see.

hotspot A zone within an image map linked to a specific WebPage.

HTTP. See Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) A set of rules defining how information is passed between the Web browser and the Web server.

image map A set of hotspots associated with an image, with each hotspot linked to a different WebPage.

linear structure A structure in which each page is linked with the pages that follow and precede it.

metadata Information within a Web page that contains information about the Web site itself.

name attribute A Web form control attribute that provides the name of the data field.

nav element The HTML element used to mark navigation lists.

navigation list A list containing links to the main topical areas of the Web site.

parent folder A folder which contains the current folder.

pixel A single dot on a screen or device.

protocol A set of rules defining how information is passed between two devices.

relative path A folder path that specifies a file's location in relation to the location of the current WebPage.

semantic link A hyperlink in which the hypertext tag contains information about the relationship between the link and its destination.

server-side image map An image map that relies on a program running on the Web server to create and administer the map.

sibling folder A folder which is a child folder of the parent folder, but different from the current folder.

site index A Web page containing an outline of the entire Web site and its contents.

spam Junk e-mail that advertises products or services not requested by the recipient.

storyboard A diagram of a Web site's structure, showing all the pages in the site and indicating how they are linked together.

thumbnail image A small figure used to represent larger image files.

tooltip Descriptive text that appears when a user positions the mouse pointer over a link.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) An address that specifies the location and type of a resource on the Internet.

URL. See Uniform Resource Locator